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History

The main oil crop researches of the Russian Federation are concentrated in the State Scientific Institution All-Russia Research Institute of Oil Crops named after V.S. Pustovoit (VNIIMK). VNIIMK is located in Krasnodar, the administrative centre of Kuban.

The history of the Institute begins in 1912 when the experimental and breeding field "Kruglik" was organized under the Kuban military and agricultural school. The name "Kruglik" was derived from the location of the school. It was one of the first Kuban experimental institutions of field crops, among which sunflower eventually began to play an increasingly leading role.

Vasily Stepanovich Pustovoit, a young agriculturist and school teacher, was the organizer and the head of the experimental field.

His name is associated with the formation of sunflower as an oil crop, which at first was widespread in our country and then in many countries of the world. The achievements of V.S. Pustovoit are especially high in the development of the brand new methods of sunflower breeding and seed growing, in the creating of high-yielding varieties with high oil content that were also resistant to diseases and pests. The increase of oil content of sunflower seeds from 28-32% to 50-53% is a unique achievement of V.S. Pustovoit. 

Currently, VNIIMK is a prominent scientific institution that, in addition to the central experimental station, also incorporates Voznesensky branch, two federal state unitary enterprises (FSUE) "Berezanskoe" and "Urupskoe", and four experimental stations: Armavirskaya, Don, Siberian, and Alexeevskaya.

The total area of farmland of VNIIMK system is 35,0 thousand ha, including 33.8 thousand hectares of arable land. 

929 persons are working for the Institute and its subordinate branches, including 337 people in the scientific sphere, 150 of which are scientists, 22 of them are Doctors of Sciences and 66 are Candidates of Sciences.

The scientific researches of the Institute have an integrated nature. The main areas of its activity include breeding and seed growing of oil and essential-oil crops, the development of management practices and equipment for crops production, and after-harvest seed processing.

The Institute and its experimental network perform breeders and foundation seed growing of released and promising hybrids and varieties of its own breeding, producing 6-8 thousand tons of seeds annually, including about 5 thousand tons of seeds of sunflower hybrids and varieties.